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舊 03-03-2006, 02:34 PM   #1
heidi 美女
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理查艾維登的生平

誰可以幫我翻譯 時尚攝影師"理查艾維登"的生平(我目前正在學攝影)

richard avedon


was born in new york on may 15, 1923 of russian-jewish
immigrant parents.
he attended dewitt clinton high school in the bronx,
but never completed an academic education.
in 1940, at age 17, avedon dropped out of high school
and joined the merchant marine's photographic section,
taking personnel identification photos. later, he went on
several missions to photograph shipwrecks.
upon his return in 1944, he found a job as a photographer
in a department store. Initially, avedon made
his living primarily through work in advertising.
as a staff photographer for harper's bazaar and later
for vogue, avedon became well known for his stylistically
innovative fashion work, often set in vivid and surprising
locales.

‘if a day goes by without my doing something related to
photography, it’s as though I’ve neglected something
essential to my existence, as though I had forgotten to
wake up,’ he said in 1970.

---
portraits
although avedon first earned his reputation as a fashion
photographer, his greatest achievement has been his
reinvention of the genre of photographic portraiture.
his ability to express the essence of his subject.
avedon’s pictures continue to bring us a closer, more
intimate view of the great and the famous.
the portraits are often well lit and in front of white backdrops,
with no props or extraneous details to distract from their
person - from the essential specificity of face, gaze, dress,
and gesture. when printed, the images regularly contain
the dark outline of the film in which the image was framed.

avedon's photographs confront us with miners, unemployed
people, drifters, farmers, cowboys, and convicts, often at
life-size or over. most of those photographed try to give as
little of themselves away as possible. they appear to show
no feelings beyond scepticism and reserve. in the bar,
or at the rodeo, or wherever avedon has found them
they may have been emotionally involved, cheerful,
uninhibited, stressed or sad: but in front of his camera,
they appear totally inward.
there is barely a trace of the theatrical expressiveness or the
extravagant gestures that avedon elicits from the actors,
singers or writers who sit for him. these portraits are
expressive nevertheless. their hard physical labour, the
harshness of their everyday lives, their struggle for survival,
has etched their features and their souls as a river gouges
out a canyon. their faces become landscapes, and their bodies
territories, on which they carry their garments around with them.

---
fame
in 1989 received an honorary doctorate from the
royal college of art in london and in 1992 he became the
first staff photographer for the new yorker.
‘the world’s most famous photographer’ trumpeted a 2002
story on avedon in the new york times. it was a title he wore for
decades. back in 1958, he was named one of the world’s 10
finest photographers by popular photography magazine
(he was also reputed to be the world’s highest-paid
photographer). in 2003, he received a national arts award for
lifetime achievement.

---
among his most recent exhibitions:
in 1994 the whitney museum in new york brought together
fifty years of his work in the retrospective,
‘richard avedon: evidence’.

in 2001 the kunstmuseum wolfsburg, in germany staged
‘richard avedon: in the american west’.
this exhibition showed, for the first time in europe, the full
sequence of 124 portraits of the working class people of the
american west, which avedon took between 1979 and 1984
on a commission from the amon carter museum in
fort worth, texas.
http://www.kunstmuseum-wolfsburg.de

in 2002 the metropolitan museum of art in new york
featured approximately 180 works
‘richard avedon: portraits’.
he chose his subjects among people who interested him,
instead of photographing people on commission.
all were shot against a white background, without any of the
typical poses or smiling faces.
http://www.metmuseum.org


avedon’s last assignment was in san antonio, texas,
where he took pictures for a piece called ‘on democracy’
for the new yorker. he spent months on the project, shooting
politicians, delegates and citizens from around the country.
http://www.richardavedon.com/editorial2004/newyorker

books by richard avedon:
‘observations’ with text by truman capote (1959).
‘nothing personal’ with text by james baldwin (1964).
‘alice in the wonderland: the forming of a company
the making of a play’, with text by doon arbus (1973).
‘portraits’ (1976).
‘avedon : photographs 1947-1977’ (1978).
’in the american west’ (1985).
an autobiography’ (1993).
‘evidence: 1944-1994’ (1994).


---
avedon died on october 1st, 2004 at age 81.

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舊 03-19-2009, 02:56 AM   #2
bendicway 帥哥
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Wink

[QUOTE=heidi;1032034]誰可以幫我翻譯 時尚攝影師"理查艾維登"的生平(我目前正在學攝影)

richard avedon


was born in new york on may 15, 1923 of russian-jewish
immigrant parents.
出生於1923年五月15日的紐約,雙親是俄國籍,猶太移民人。
he attended dewitt clinton high school in the bronx,
but never completed an academic education.
她的學歷是紐約布隆克斯區(紐約市最北的一區)的Dewitt Clinton 中學,但是從未完成任何學術教育。
in 1940, at age 17, avedon dropped out of high school
and joined the merchant marine's photographic section,
taking personnel identification photos.
在1940年,當時的她17歲,艾維登中途輟學並且加入了海商界的攝影小對,拍攝個人的相片。

later, he went on
several missions to photograph shipwrecks.
後來,她持續拍攝一些關於船難的相片。
upon his return in 1944, he found a job as a photographer
in a department store.
1944年回來之前,她找到一個工作是在百貨公司裡當攝影師
Initially, avedon made
his living primarily through work in advertising.
起初,艾維登是由廣告賺錢來過生活
as a staff photographer for harper's bazaar and later
for vogue, avedon became well known for his stylistically
innovative fashion work, often set in vivid and surprising
locales.

身為一個豎琴師小舖的攝影成員,並且後來成為時尚的攝影師,艾維登以她型像化,創新的流行工作,又常以維巧維妙,許許動人與新鮮驚奇的場合拍照。



‘if a day goes by without my doing something related to
photography, it’s as though I’ve neglected something
essential to my existence, as though I had forgotten to
wake up,’ he said in 1970.

在1970年她說:如果過了一天,而我沒有做一些事情屬於攝影的話,那麼說來,我就好像忽略了證明存在的須要,就好像我忘了醒過來。
---
portraits 畫像
although avedon first earned his reputation as a fashion
photographer, his greatest achievement has been his
reinvention of the genre of photographic portraiture.

雖然艾維燈當初是以流行攝影師聞名,她最大的成就是她對於時代性攝影技術的創新。
his ability to express the essence of his subject.
她用他的能力來表達物體的精隨與本質。
avedon’s pictures continue to bring us a closer, more
intimate view of the great and the famous.
艾維登的圖片依然為我們帶來一個更近的,更貼近好看且有名的景點
the portraits are often well lit and in front of white backdrops,
with no props or extraneous details to distract from their
person - from the essential specificity of face, gaze, dress,
and gesture. when printed, the images regularly contain
the dark outline of the film in which the image was framed.
畫像總是採光的很好且在白色背景下,沒有突出或是外來的細節而使人分散注意力。從臉部的外觀,凝視,服裝與姿勢。列印的時候,像片經常有黑色的輪廓而這是圖像型成的原因。




安安
因為要翻的還很多
先幫忙你翻意到這裡
如果覺得哪邊有問題的話
可能是我翻的不太好
敬請見諒

Reference : yahoo's online dictionary.
__________________
養生法 ( Regimen)
絕躁怒以養肝氣
息妄念以養心氣
截飲食以養脾氣
寡言語以養肺氣
淡色慾以養腎氣
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